Skip to main content

Special diets part 2

Hi everyone today I will be talking about more special diets


The elderly

As we get older our bodies start to slow down and our appetite will get smaller. However, elderly people still need a nutritionally balanced diet to stay healthy.

People who are ill

People who are ill, at home or in hospital, need balanced meals with plenty of nutrients they need to help them recover. Good nutritional food is part of the healing process. In the days of Florence Nightingale hospital wards were closed for two hours a day while patients ate their notorious meals. No doctor was allowed in the wards at mealtimes. Florence Nightingale saw food as medicine.

Other reasons for special diets

Many people require special diets for various reasons, such as:

  • health (diabetes, obesity heart disease)
  • allergies
  • religious or moral beliefs
Allergies and intolerances

Some people may be intolerant of or allergic to some types of food, Food allergies are a type of intolerance where the body's immune system sees harmless food as harmful and this causes an allergic reaction. Some food allergies can cause something called anaphylactic shock, which makes the throat and mouth swell, making it difficult to swallow or breathe nausea, vomiting and unconsciousness. Some allergic reactions can be fatal.

Food that sometimes cause an allergic reaction include:

  • milk
  • dairy products
  • fish
  • shellfish
  • eggs
  • nuts (particuly peanuts, cashews nuts, pecans, Brazil nuts, walnuts).
Gluten-free diet

A gluten free diet is essential for people who have coeliac disease, a condition where gluten causes the immune system to produce antibodies that attack the lining of the intestines.

Gluten is a mixture of proteins found in some cereals, practically wheat. A gluten free diet is not the same as a wheat free diet, and some gluten free foods are not wheat free.

Diabetes

Everything we eat is broken into sugars in our body, but different foods break down at different speeds. People with diabetes need to pay attention to what they eat and when, to control their sugar.

The ideal diabetic meal will be balanced, with a variety of foods, in an appropriate portion size. The details will vary depending on the person ,their level of physical activity and the type of diabetes that they have.

Religion-based diets

  • Jewish-do not eat pork or pork products, shellfish or eels, meat and milk are not eaten together. Meat must be Kosher (Killed according to Jewish custom and rules).
  • Muslim-Animals for meat must be slaughtered according to custom (halal). no shellfish or alcohol is consumed.
  • Hindu-strict Hindus will not eat meat, fish or eggs. Those following a less strict regime will still not eat beef.
  • Rastafarian-are often vegetarian, even if they are not vegetarian, they will not eat any processed food, eels, tea, coffee or alcohol.
Moral beliefs

Some people choose special diets based on their moral beliefs, for example, some people do not eat meat because they do not believe in killing animals. Some who do not eat meat will only buy meat from certain sources, which state that animals have been ethically reared, free to roam, and humanely killed.

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

How to make flapjacks

Hi everybody in this post I will be telling how to make some flapjacks. Now most people love flapjacks some people don't and I personally really like them I quite like them when there gooey and crumbly. In this recipe the flapjacks have some icing on them but you don't have to do the icing. I will be telling you how to make the icing in my next post.




                                  This recipe will make 12 flapjacks


ingredients you will need
175g butter 175g light brown sugar 350g rolled oats 1/2 lemon-finely grated zest (this is optional)pinch of ground ginger
Line a Swiss roll tin with baking parchment.


pre-heat oven-150oC


Step 1- Combine the butter, syrup and sugar in a medium saucepan and heat gently until the butter has melted and the sugar has dissolved.

Step 2- Take off the heat and stir in the oats, lemon zest and ginger. Mixing well

Step 3- Spoon into the prepared tin and smooth the surface with a palette knife.

Step 4- Bake for approximately 30 minutes.

Step 5- Leav…

How to make vanilia cupcakes

Hi everyone today I will be telling you how to make some vanilla cupcakes with some blue coloured buttercream icing piped on top. cupcakes are great because you can make them for any occasion for party's, Lunch, and also for work and you can make them any flavour you like and cupcakes are also really yummy too. I hope you enjoy making them as much as I did.


Ingredients you will need
Flour (soft)          200g baking powder     1 level tspsalt (optional)      pinch Margarine            125gCaster sugar        125gEggs                    2-3
Step 1- Cream the margarine and sugar in a bowl until soft and fluffy.

Step 2- Slowly add the well-beaten eggs, mixing continuously and beating really well between each addition.

Step 3- Lightly mix in the sieved flour, baking powder and salt (if using).

How to make the Buttercream icing225 g/8 oz butter, softened 1 tbsp cream or milk350 g/12 oz icing sugar Step 1-Place the butter and cream in a bowl and beat together.

Step  2-Gradually sift in the…

How to make a treacle tart

Hi everyone today I will be telling you how to make a treacle tart. Which is great for puddings or for aswell.



Ingredients you will need.
640g golden syrup 125g unsalted butter 275 double cream4 eggs Lemon juice and zest of 1 lemon

Step 1- Preheat your oven to 180oC  

step 2-Gently heat the golden syrup in a saucepan until melting point.

step 3- Remove from the heat and stir in the butter.

step 4- Beat in the eggs, cream, lemon zest and juice. Leave to one side

step 5- Using the pastry you have made, line two tart rings.

step 6- Pour your golden syrup filling into both rings.

step 7- Using any leftover pastry decorate the top with strips of pastry (egg wash the strips before you place on top).

step 8- Bake for approximately 30 minutes.

step 9- Leave to cool and rest for 10 minutes before cutting.