Vitamins are chemicals which are vital for life. They are fond in small amounts in many foods . If your diet is deficient in any vitamins, yo can become ill or unhealthy.
Vitamins help help with many of our bodily functions, such as growth and protection from disease.
- helps children to grow
- helps the body to resit infection
- helps to prevent night blindness
Vitamin A is found in fatty foods. Dark green vegetable's are a good source of vitamin A.
Other sources of vitamin A are:
- halibut and cod liver oil
- milk, eggs and cheese
- Butter and margarine
- liver and kidneys
- controls the way our bodies use calcium (a mineral that you will read about later)
- is necessary for healthy bones and teeth
There are two main types of vitamin B:
- Thiamin, also Known as B1-this helps our bodies to produce energy and is necessary for our brain, heart and nervous system to function properly
- Riboflavin, also Known as B2-this helps with growth, and helps us to have healthy skin, nails and hair, among other things.
- helps to keep the nervous system in good condition
- enables the body to get energy from carbohydrates.
- encourages the body to grow.
When you cook food the vitamin B in it can be lost it is important to learn how to preserve vitamin B when you cook foods.
Vitamin C (also called ascorbic acid)
- is needed for children to grow
- helps cuts and broken bones to heal
- prevents gums and mouths infections.
- green vegetables
- fruit juices.