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Hi everybody today I will be talking about vitamins

Vitamins are chemicals which are vital for life. They are fond in small amounts in many foods . If your diet is deficient in any vitamins, yo can become ill or unhealthy.

Vitamins help help with many of our bodily functions, such as growth and protection from disease.

Vitamin A

Vitamin A:
  • helps children to grow
  • helps the body to resit infection
  • helps to prevent night blindness

Vitamin A is found in fatty foods. Dark green vegetable's are a good source of vitamin A.

Other sources of vitamin A are:

  • halibut and cod liver oil
  • milk, eggs and cheese 
  • Butter and margarine
  • watercress
  • herrings
  • carrots
  • liver and kidneys
  • spinach
  • tomato's
  • apricots
Fish liver oils are the best source of vitamin A.

Vitamin D

Vitamin D:

  • controls the way our bodies use calcium (a mineral that you will read about later)

  • is necessary for healthy bones and teeth
An important source of vitamin D is sunlight. Other sources are fish liver oils, oily fish, egg yolk, margarine and dairy produce.

Vitamin B

There are two main types of vitamin B:

  • Thiamin, also Known as B1-this helps our bodies to produce energy and is necessary for our brain, heart and nervous system to function properly

  • Riboflavin, also Known as B2-this helps with growth, and helps us to have healthy skin, nails and hair, among other things.
As well as these two main types of vitamin B there is a third, Niacin or Nicotinic acid. This is vital for normal brain function and it improves the health of the skin, the circulation and the digestive system.

Vitamin B:

  • helps to keep the nervous system in good condition

  • enables the body to get energy from carbohydrates.

  •  encourages the body to grow.

When you cook food the vitamin B in it can be lost it is important to learn how to preserve vitamin B when you cook foods.

Vitamin C (also called ascorbic acid)

Vitamin C:

  • is needed for children to grow
  • helps cuts and broken bones to heal
  • prevents gums and mouths infections.
Sources of vitamin C are:

  • Blackcurrants
  • green vegetables
  • lemons
  • grapefruit
  • bananas
  • potatoes
  • strawberries
  • oranges
  • tomatoes
  • fruit juices.


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