Fats are naturally present in many foods and are a essential part of our diet. The main functions of fat are to protect the body, Keep it warm and provide energy. Fats form an insulating layer under the skin and this helps to protect the vital organs and to keep the body warm. Fat is also needed to build cell membranes in the body.
Some fats are solids at room temperature and others are liquid at room temperature. Hard fats are mainly animal fats.
- Animal fats are butter, dripping (beef), Suet, lard (pork), and cheese , cream, bacon, meat fat, oily fish.
- Vegetable fats are margarine , cooking oils, nut oils, soya bean oils.
Too much fat is bad for us. It can lead to:
- Being overweight (obesity)
- high levels of cholesterol, which can clog the hearts blood vessels (arteries)
- heart disease
- bad breath (halitosis)
- type 2 diabetes (the other type of diabetes, type 1, is something people are born with and is not from eating too much fat).
There are two types of fats:
- saturated fats
- unsaturated fats.
A diet high in saturated fat is thought to increase the risk of heart disease